Prohibitions in Islam - Page 33

(adultery or zina), silk, khamr and musical instruments” (Reported by Al-Bukhari; see Al- Fath, 10/51).
Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “In this ummah there will be punishments of earthquakes, showers of stones and deformity (transformation into animals); that will be when the people drink khamr, listen to female singers and play musical instruments.” (See Al-Silsilah Al-Sahihah, 2203; attributed to Ibn Abi’l-Dunyaa, Dhamm Al-Malaahi; the hadith was narrated by Al-Tirmidhi, no. 2212).
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) forbade the “koobah” (a kind of drum), and described the flute as the voice of the immoral fool. The early scholars such as Imam Ahmad, may Allah have mercy on him, stated that musical instruments such as the 'ood (lute), tanboor (a long-necked stringed instrument), reed flute, rabaab (stringed instrument resembling a fiddle) and cymbal, were haram; no doubt modern instruments such as the violin, qaanoon (stringed musical instrument resembling a zither), organ, piano, guitar, etc., are also included in the Prophet’s prohibition on musical instruments, because their effect and impact is greater than that of the ancient instruments mentioned in some ahadith. They are even more intoxicating than khamr, as scholars such as Ibn Al-Qayyim mentioned. No doubt the prohibitions, and the sin involved, are greater when the music is accompanied by singing and the voices of female singers, and it is even worse when the lyrics speak of love and describe physical beauty. Hence the scholars said that singing paves the way for zina (adultery or fornication), and that it makes hypocrisy grow in the heart. Generally speaking, music and singing form one of the greatest temptations of our times.
What is very difficult is the fact that nowadays music is a part of so many things, such as clocks, doorbells, children’s toys, computers, telephones, etc., and avoiding it takes a great deal of determination. Allah is the source of help.
Gossip and backbiting
Many gatherings produce nothing but gossip about other Muslims and slander of their honor. This is something which Allah has forbidden His slaves, and has drawn the most repulsive analogy to put them off. He says (interpretation of the meaning): “Neither backbite one another. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? You would hate it” [Al-Hujuraat 49:12]
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) explained the meaning of this aayah. He said: “Do you know what gheebah (gossip or backbiting) is?” They said, “Allah and His Messenger know best.” He said: "To say something about your brother that he does not want to be said." He was asked, "What do you think if what is said about him is true?" He said, "If what you say about him is true, this is backbiting, and if what you say about him is not true, this is a lie." (Reported by Muslim, 4/2001).
Gossip or backbiting means saying something about a Muslim which may be true but which he does not like to hear spoken, whether it be about his physical appearance, his adherence to religion, his worldly affairs, his self, his behaviour or his character. There are many forms of gossip, including talking about a person's faults and imitating him to make fun of him.

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