Prohibitions in Islam - Page 2

things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.], and prohibits them as unlawful Al-khabaa’ith [(i.e., all evil and unlawful) as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.]” [Al-A’raaf 7:157].
So what is good and pure is halal, and what is evil and unclean is haram. The right to determine what is halal and what is haram belongs to Allah alone. Whoever claims this right or affirms it for someone else is a kaafir whose extreme kufr places him beyond the pale of Islam, as Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): “Or have they partners with Allah (false gods) who have instituted for them a religion which Allah has not allowed? ” [Al-Shooraa 42:21]
Furthermore, no-one is allowed to speak about matters of halal and haram except those who have knowledge of the Qur’aan and Sunnah. Allah has issued a stern warning to those who speak about halal and haram with no knowledge (interpretation of the meaning): “And say not concerning that which your tongues out forth falsely: ‘This is lawful and this is forbidden,’ so as to invent lies against Allah” [Al-Nahl 16:116]
Things which are definitively forbidden have been clearly stated in the Qur’aan and Sunnah, as Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): “Say: ‘Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited you from: Join not anything in worship with Him; be good and dutiful to your parents; kill not your children because of poverty - We provide sustenance for you and for them; come not near to Al-fawaahish (shameful sins, illegal sexual intercourse, etc.) whether committed openly or secretly; and kill not anyone whom Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause (according to Islamic law). This He has commanded you that you may understand.” [Al-An’aam 6:151]
The Sunnah also mentions many prohibitions; for example, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Allah has forbidden the sale of wine (intoxicants), dead meat, pork and idols.” (Reported by Abu Dawood, 3486; see also Sahih Abi Dawood, 977).
“Whatever Allah has forbidden, its price is also forbidden.” (Reported by Al-Daaraqutni, 3/7; it is a Sahih hadith).
Some texts mention specific types or groups of prohibitions, such as when Allah forbids certain types of food (interpretation of the meaning): “Forbidden to you (for food) are: Al-maytatah (the dead animals - cattle-beast not slaughtered), blood, the flesh of swine, and the meat of that which has been slaughtered as a sacrifice for others than Allah, or has been slaughtered for idols, etc., or on which Allah’s name has not been mentioned while slaughtering, and that which has been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by the goring of horns - and that which has been (partly) eaten by a wild animal - unless you are able to slaughter it (before its death) - and that which is sacrificed (slaughtered) on Al-nusub (stone altars). Forbidden) also is to use arrows seeking luck or decision” [Al-Ma’eda 5:3]
Allah has also mentioned that which is forbidden with regard to marriage, as He says (Interpretation of the meaning): “Forbidden to you (for marriage) are: your mothers, your daughters, your sisters, your father’s sisters, your mother’s sisters, your brother’s daughters, your sister’s daughters, your foster mother who gave you suck, your foster milk suckling sisters, your wives’ mothers ”[Al-Nissa’ 4:23]

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