“To associate anyone with Allah (Subhaanahu Wata’aalaa), to disobey parents, and to give false evidence.”

Again, “There are three types of men towards whom Allah (Subhaanahu Wata’aalaa) will not look with mercy on the Day of Judgment, and one of them is those who disobey their parents.”

Rights of Children

Islam has laid an equal stress on the rights of children on parents also. We will leave out here the responsibility of parents to feed and clothe their children since there is found in them an instinctive awareness of it and they carry it out normally and in the natural way. The rights of our children about which we are generally careless and neglectful are those concerning their moral and religious training and up-bringing. Islam has made it minding on us, as a matter of duty that we brought up our wards and children in such a way that they did not have to make their way to hell after death. We are required to be extremely careful in this respect. Says the Quran:

O ye who believe! save yourselves And your families from the Fire of Hell.

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) has, in a Tradition, stressed the need of giving proper training to children in these words:

“No better gift can there be from a father to his children than the he brought them up properly.”

Some parents are fonder of their sons than daughters. They take a great interest in the upbringing of their male issues while the welfare and training of the female ones is generally neglected by them. Daughters are, sometimes, considered to be a burden. For this reason, Islam has devoted particular attention to the proper upbringing of the girls and extolled it as an act of great virtue. The Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) has said:

“Anyone who has a daughter or a sister and he treats her well and looks after her welfare and training carefully and marries her at the right place, Allah (Subhaanahu Wata’aalaa) will reward him with Paradise.”

Mutual Rights between Husband and Wife

Conjugal relationship occupies a place of outstanding importance in the economy of human affairs. It is a most strong and intimate tie that binds husband and wife into a lifelong partnership. Islam therefore, has furnished a complete guidance in respect of it as well. In a nutshell, Islam demands from wives to be scrupulously faithful to their husbands and to remain their best friends and true well wisher and never to betray their trusts. The Quran declares:

Therefore, the righteous women are Obedient, and guard (in the husband’s) absence.

And from husbands it requires that they should give of their love ungrudgingly to their wives, maintain them as best as they can within their means and leave nothing to be desired by way of their emotional contentment. Says, again, the Quran:

Live with your wives on a footing of kindness and equality.

In keeping with these teachings of the Quran, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) used to attach profound importance to the harmony of married life among Muslim. He used to urge upon Muslim husbands and wives to keep each other happy and to attend each other’s needs and interests with loving care. Some of his

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